Download e-book for iPad: Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836 by Howard Thomas Foster II, Mary Theresa Bonhage-Freund, Lisa

By Howard Thomas Foster II, Mary Theresa Bonhage-Freund, Lisa D. O'Steen

ISBN-10: 0817312390

ISBN-13: 9780817312398

ISBN-10: 0817353658

ISBN-13: 9780817353650

ISBN-10: 0817381333

ISBN-13: 9780817381332

The first entire archaeological survey of the Muskogee (Maskókî) Creek Indians.
The Muskogee Indians who lived alongside the reduce Chattahoochee and Flint River watersheds had, and proceed to have, a profound impression at the improvement of the southeastern usa, particularly in the course of the historical interval (circa 1540–1836). Our wisdom of that tradition is proscribed to what we will be able to study from their descendants and from archaeological and ancient assets.
Combining historic files and archaeological study on all identified reduce Muskogee Creek websites, Thomas Foster has safely pinpointed city destinations mentioned within the literature and mentioned in modern Creek oral histories. In so doing, this quantity synthesizes the archaeological variety and version in the reduce Creek Indians among 1715 and 1836. The e-book is a examine of archaeological tools since it analyzes the temporal and geographic edition inside a unmarried archaeological part and the biases of that archaeological data. Foster's examine segregates the adaptation among decrease Creek Indian cities via a neighborhood and direct historical method. for this reason, he's capable of figure the original transformations among person Creek Indian towns. 
Foster argues that the research of Creek Indian heritage may be on the point of cities rather than archaeological levels and that there's major continuity among the tradition of the old interval Indians and the Prehistoric and Protohistoric peoples.

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Extra resources for Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836

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In other words, how valid is our method of tracing names (Knight 1994a:378)? The late-eighteenth-century town of Nuyaka was founded by a population of people from a town called Tote-pauf-cau (Foster 2003a:45s). The name of the Upper Creek town of Tallo-wau mu-chos-see means “new town” but was formerly called Took-au-batchee tal-lau-has-see (Tukabatchee Old Town) and implies that this “new town” was the former location of Tukabatchee. Recent studies by Douglas Hurt (2000), Karen Booker et al. (1992), and Patricia Wickman (1999:57, 74–78, 158) may begin to address these issues of naming conventions.

I prefer the simpler explanation that (1) the political organization of the Creek Indians did not change that drastically and (2) Creek political organization was corporate, therefore (3) Mississippian political organization was corporate. The historic Creek Indians recognized certain individuals who were called Mico, who often came from high-ranking families, although the title holder seems to have been elected (Brown 1989:49; Waselkov and Braund 1995:117–118). While the ranking was inherited, the title was not (Hahn 2004:200).

2004) has shown that the most limiting and signi¤cant variable contributing to town abandonment was soil fertility. While lack of fuel wood was mentioned by eighteenth-century Creek Indians as a reason for moving town locations, it probably was not a widespread cause for town abandonment (Foster 2001:174–177). In some cases, social factors such as access to trade goods or communication networks may have been more important than biophysical factors. In the 1770s, towns were described as compact (Harper 1998:133, 245).

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Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836 by Howard Thomas Foster II, Mary Theresa Bonhage-Freund, Lisa D. O'Steen

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