By P. McDonald, R. a. Edwards, J. F. D. Greenhalgh, C. A. Morgan, L. A. Sinclair
The newest variation of this vintage textual content has been reorganised to supply a transparent and complete creation to the technology and perform of animal foodstuff. Animal Nutrition is divided into six major sections protecting: The elements of foodstuff; The digestion and metabolism of nutrition; Quantifying the nutrient content material of meals: digestibility, power and protein values; The nutrient requisites of animals; The dietary features of meals; and Animal items and human foodstuff. The Appendices presents complete tables at the composition of meals and feeding criteria for dairy and red meat livestock, sheep, pigs and fowl, and horses.
The textual content is supported by means of key experimental facts all through. Quantitative features of the topic are basically defined and illustrated by way of labored examples. difficulties and recommendations have now been further to all chapters to assist scholar studying.
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Additional resources for Animal Nutrition
6. Fibrous constituents can be determined by application of detergent solutions and weighing the residue or by the use of enzymes followed by weighing or gas–liquid chromatography. 2. The constituents of dry matter comprise carbohydrates (sugars, starches, fibres), nitrogen-containing compounds (proteins, amino acids, non-protein nitrogen compounds), lipids (fatty acids, glycerides), minerals and vitamins. 7. Individual mineral elements are measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy, flame photometry or inductively coupled plasma emission spectroscopy.
CH2OH CH2OH O O H H H H OH H H OH H HO H O H OH H OH OH Maltose Cellobiose does not exist naturally as a free sugar, but it is the basic repeating unit of cellulose. It is composed of two ␤-D-glucose residues linked through a ␤-(1:4)-bond. This linkage cannot be split by mammalian digestive enzymes. It can, however, be split by microbial enzymes. Like maltose, cellobiose has one active reducing group. They are both non-reducing and on hydrolysis produce three molecules of hexose sugars: C18H32O16 + 2H2O : 3C6H12O6 Raffinose is the commonest member of the group, occurring almost as widely as sucrose in plants.
Linseed mucilage is a well-known example that produces arabinose, galactose, rhamnose and galacturonic acid on hydrolysis. Hyaluronic acid and chondroitin These two polysaccharides have a repeating unit consisting of an amino sugar and Dglucuronic acid. Hyaluronic acid, which contains acetyl-D-glucosamine, is present in the skin, the synovial fluid and the umbilical cord. Solutions of this acid are viscous and play an important part in the lubrication of joints. Chondroitin is chemically similar to hyaluronic acid but contains galactosamine in place of glucosamine.
Animal Nutrition by P. McDonald, R. a. Edwards, J. F. D. Greenhalgh, C. A. Morgan, L. A. Sinclair