By Bruce L. Gardner, Gordon C. Rausser
The subject material of agricultural economics has either broadened and deepened and the chapters of this instruction manual current leading edge paintings within the box. This quantity includes sections on ''agriculture, usual assets and the environment'' and ''agriculture within the macroeconomy''. quantity 2B completes the guide with a piece on ''agriculture and nutrients policy''. even supposing agricultural economists have continuously paid recognition to those issues, examine dedicated to them has elevated considerably in scope in addition to intensity lately
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Additional resources for Agriculture and its External Linkages
D. A. , Frontiers of Quantitative Economics (North-Holland, Amsterdam). 1246 R. , and A. Mellor (1995), Soils and Environment (Routledge, London). FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (1986), "Efficient fertilizer use in acid upland soils of the humid tropics", Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Bulletin No. 10 (FAO, Rome, Italy). Feder, G. (1987), "Land ownership and farm productivity: Evidence from Thailand'', Journal of Development Studies 24(1):16-30. , and L. Garcia-Barrios (1990), "Environmental and technological degradation in peasant agriculture: A consequence of development in Mexico", World Development 18:1569-1585.
Figure 1 shows this result. ) = ]3 (Equation (15)) should be upward-sloping in the x/O and K/O space. ) + ~ (Equation (16)) should be downwardsloping. ) = fl and a downward shift of schedule R2 - 8 = R4 + o~. To see this, differentiate (15) with respect to p and x/O, keeping K/O constant, and differentiate (16) with respect to p and K/O, keeping x/O constant. The fact that R41 > 0, R21 < 0, R42 > 0, and R22 < 0 is sufficient for the schedule R2 - 8 = R4 + ~ to shift downwards. ) = fi to shift upwards.
According to the conceptual framework developed in this chapter, such an unbalanced growth pattern with continuous increases in the physical/natural capital gap is likely to render economic growth unsustainable as the rate of return to physical capital falls. The fall in the rate of return of physical capital is likely to be more severe in countries that are more natural resource dependent, in which case this fall may lead to economic stagnation. Thus, for countries that have comparative statics in natural resource intensive sectors such as (tropical) agriculture, the final outcome of globalization of trade and increased capital mobility could be not only one of greater environmental problems, but also of rapid decline in economic growth if measures are not taken to stimulate a more balanced growth that allows natural capital to recover in conjunction with rapid accumulation of physical capital.
Agriculture and its External Linkages by Bruce L. Gardner, Gordon C. Rausser